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LECTURE  5:

The Nazi Polycracy & The Making of The Police State

KEY TERMS

  • Trial of the Major War Criminals 
    International Military Tribunal, (Nuremberg, 14 November 1945 - 1 October 1946)

    Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946 (Blue Series)  

  • Trials of the War Criminals 
    Nuremberg Military Tribunal (under Control Council Law No. 10)
    (
    Nuremberg October 1946 - April 1949)
    Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1950   (Green Series)

  • Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression
    Office of the United States Counsel for Prosecution of Axis Criminality
    Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1946 (Red Series)


     Nuremberg Military Tribunal Charges

    1. Crimes Against Peace
    2. War Crimes
    3. Crimes Against Humanity
    4. Conspiracy to commit the above

     

  • Fuhrer and Reichs Chancellor

  • Nazi Party functions on three levels:

    1.     Chain of Command & territorial cadres;
    2.     Party Divisions;
    3.     Affiliated Associations.  

  • Fuhrer Chancellery (Kanzlei des Fuhrers – KdF)

  • Philipp Bouhler (1899– 1945)

  • Martin Bormann (1900 - 1945)

  • Party Chancellery
     

  • Reichsleiter

  • "Golden Pheasants"

  • Reichs Chancellery

  • Reichsminister

  • “polycracy” "polycratic authoritarianism" "chaotic authoritarianism"

  • functionalists and the intentionalists

  • runes

  • Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (1904 – 1942)

  • Sicherheitsdienst (SD)

  • Hauptamt  amt (amter)

  • RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt)


  • Reichsfuhrer-SS und Chef der Deutschen Polizei
    (RFSSuChDtPol)

  • Gestapo  (Topography of Terror Foundation Website Link)

  • Heinrich Mueller (Müller) 1901 - ?  link

  • Kripo

  • Sipo

  • Orpo

  • WVHA

  • Oswald Pohl 

  • Dachau KL

  • Theodor Eicke (1892 - 1943)

  • SS-TV (Totenkompfverbande) -  "Death's Head Units"

  • Allgemeine-SS

  • Waffen-SS

 

RECOMMENDED READINGS:

Helmut Krausnick, Hans Buchheim, Martin Broszat, Hand Adolf Jacobsen, Anatomy of the SS State (unabridged edition)  
[classic book on the  growth of concentration camps, history of "protective custody",  SS and Gestapo history]

George H. Stein, The Waffen SS:  Hitler's Elite Guard at War  1939-1945  
[standard history of the military Waffen SS units]

Gerald Reitlinger, The SS:  Alibi of a Nation 1922 - 1945 

Peter Padfield, Himmler
[biography]

George C. Browder, Foundations of the Nazi Police State  
[history of the Nazi security police system]

Ingo Muller, Hitler's Justice:  The Courts of the Third Reich 

Reinhard Rurup (ed), Typography of Terror:  Gestapo, SS and Reichssicherheitshauptam on the >>Prinz-Albrecht-Terrain<< A Documentation  
[a history of RSHA and the Berlin building it was headquartered in published by the Gestapo Headquarter Berlin Museum ] 
see their website as well:  http://www.topographie.de/en/index.htm 

Michael Thad Allen, The Business of Genocide:  The SS, Slave Labor, and the Concentration Camps
[very recent book on the history of the WVHA]

Edouard Calic, Reinhard Heydrich

Robin Lumsden, The Black Corps:  A Collector's Guide to The History and Regalia of the SS  (New edition titled:  A Collector's Guide to the Allgemeine-SS)  [a guide to what the various SS symbols, decorations and insignia mean]

Robin Lumsden, The Allgemeine-SS (Osprey Men-at-Arms edition)

Gordon Williamson, The Waffen-SS  (Volumes 1-4), (Osprey Men-at-Arms editions)
[A division by division description of all 38 divisions and various foreign legion units] 

Heather Pringle, The Master-Plan:  Himmler's Scholars and the Holocaust  
[New book just published on the Ahnenerbe and SS archeological expeditions and SS "scholarship" -- in Chapters/Indigo now.]

Peter Hoffmann, Hitler's Personal Security:  Protecting the Fuhrer, 1921-1945

Barbara Distel & Ruth Jakusch, (eds) Concentration Camp Dachau 1933-1945
[Dachau Museum publication]

French Maclean, The Camp Men:  The SS Officers Who Ran the Nazi Concentration Camp System

Cris Whetton, Hitler's Fortune  
[study of Hitler's personal assets]

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