Lecture 3 Key Terms
Antebellum United States Part I  (1776-1846)   

Declaration of Independence (1776)

Northwest Ordinance  (1787)

Constitutional Convention (Philadelphia Convention) (1787)

United States Constitution

Great Compromise

House of Representatives


US Constitution & Slavery

Three-Fifths Compromise  
(Article I, Section 2, Paragraph 3): 
"free Persons" vs. "all other Persons"

Limits of Congress  
(Article I, Section 9): 
“The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year 1808, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation..."

Extradition Clause  
(Article IV, Sec 2, Paragraph 3): 
"person held to service or labour...shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due.”


Nat Turner Rebellion (1831)

Southwest Ordinance (1790)

Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin (1794)

Louisiana Purchase (1803)

Congressional Ban on  the International Slave Trade (1808)

Tallmadge Amendment (1819)  

Missouri Compromise (1820)

William Lloyd Garrison

American Anti-Slavery Society

The Liberator

Fugitive Slave Law (1793)

Prigg v. Pennsylvania  US Supreme Court (1842)  

Supremacy Clause (Article VI, Paragraph 2)

“historical-necessity thesis”


John. C. Calhoun

Calhoun Doctrine (Theory of Nullification)

doctrine of judicial review

Proclamation on Nullification (1832)

Force Bill

Andrew Jackson

1836 Presidential Election

Democratic Party

Martin Van Buren (D)

Whig Party

Second American Party System


Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna


The Alamo

Sam Houston

Lone Star Republic

Rio Grande River

1840 Presidential Election

William Henry Harrison (W)

John Tyler (W)

1844 Presidential Election

War Democrats

James K. Polk (D)

Henry Clay (W)

Mexican-American War 1846-1848

"Mexico will poison us.”

“Bear Flag Revolt”