LECTURE 3    KEYTERMS  
POSTWAR ROOTS OF THE COLD WAR  

Yalta (Crimean) Conference

“progressive democracies”

Finland

unconditional surrender 

demilitarization and denazification

dismemberment

reparations

Yalta Protocols

secret annex to the Yalta Protocols

Polish Provisional Government of National Unity

Sakhalin and Kurile Islands

Declaration of Liberated Europe

Atlantic Charter 

sovietization

dictatorship of the proletariat

Romania

Harry S. Truman

San Francisco Conference

Potsdam Conference

Clement Attlee 

Tito - Trieste Crisis

Manhattan Project 

Igor Gouzenko 

GRU

William Lyon Mackenzie King

Peace Treaties: Italy, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary and Romania 

George Kennan 

long telegraph

'Mr. X'

"The Sources of Soviet Conduct"
Foreign Affairs, (July 1947) 

containment doctrine

Walter Lippmann

"Cold War"

Winston Churchill Fulton Missouri Speech

iron curtain

Iran Crisis 1946

Turkish Crisis 1946

Truman Doctrine

George Marshall

European Recovery Program (ERP) – "Marshall Plan"

LINKS:

YALTA CONFERENCE PROTOCOLS

Yalta Conference Details
United States Department of State
Foreign relations of the United States.
Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945

Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945
US Military Strength

1945: 12 million troops
1946: 6.1 million troops
1948: 1.6 million troops
Defense Budget
 
1945: $80 billion (40% of GNP)
1946: $45 billion
1947: $11 billion (5% of GNP)


Soviet Military Strength

1945: 11.3 million troops
1947:   2.8 million  

Soviet defence budget falls from 137.8 billion rubles in 1944 to 55.2 billion by 1947


COMMUNIST PARTY MEMBERSHIP IN EUROPE

LINK "The Long Telegram"  February 22, 1946 <<<>>> 861.00/2 - 2246: Telegram, The Charge in the Soviet Union (Kennan) to the Secretary of State
SECRET
Moscow, February 22, 1946--9 p.m.
 [Received February 22--3: 52 p.m.]