LECTURE 1 KEYTERMS  
BRIEF HISTORY OF UNITED STATES and RUSSIA BEFORE 1945   

Monroe Doctrine

Spanish-American War 1898

Central Powers World War I

Allies World War I

Woodrow Wilson

Paris Peace Conference - Versailles Treaty

Fourteen Points

League of Nations

collective security

isolationism (non entanglement)

Washington Naval Conference

Great Depression

Dirty Thirties / the Low Dishonest Decade

Franklin Delano Roosevelt—FDR

Pearl Harbor

Operation Torch 
US Military Strength

1945: 12 million troops
1946: 6.1 million troops
1948: 1.6 million troops
Defense Budget
 
1945: $80 billion (40% of GNP)
1946: $45 billion
1947: $11 billion (5% of GNP)


Soviet Military Strength

1945: 11.3 million troops
1947:   2.8 million  

Soviet defence budget falls from 137.8 billion rubles in 1944 to 55.2 billion by 1947


Marxist Bolshevik faction of Russian Social Democratic Party 

Tsar Nicholas I

"gendarme of Europe"

Crimean War (1853-56)

"industrial wars"

Tsar Alexander II

Tsar Nicholas II

Russo-Japanese War of 1905

Port Arthur

Battleship Potemkin

1905 Russian Revolution

Duma

Ottoman Empire

Dardanelle Straits

Black Sea

February Revolution of 1917

October "Revolution" of 1917

the sealed railway car

Vladimir Illych Ulyanov -- Lenin

Soviets

Russian Civil War 1918-1923

Red Army - White Army

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Russian Intervention

Karl Marx Communist Manifesto

trade unionism

“conspiracy to restrict trade”

anarchists

Haymarket Square Bombing (Riot)

US Attorney General Mitchell Palmer

Palmer Raids

Red Scare

Mario 'Mike' Buda (Buda's Wagon)

American Civil Liberties Union – the ACLU 

J. Edgar Hoover (FBI)

Winnipeg General Strike (Great Winnipeg Strike)

RCMP Security Service

Checka

Comintern

NEP (New Economic Policy)

Nikolai Bukharin

Joseph Stalin

"socialism in one country"

collectivization

Great Terror 1937

Gulag

NKVD

Soviet-Nazi Non-Aggression Treaty (Ribbentrop Pact/Stalin-Hitler Pact)

Operation Sea Lion

Operation Barbarossa

Elbe Link-up

Berlin 1945